Classifying parties

Which parties are Populist-Authoritarian?

This interactive map illustrates the classification in Europe, based on assessments of their positions from the Chappel Hill Expert Survey 2014 (CHES).

The Populism scale is the importance of anti-establishment and anti-corruption rhetoric.

The Authoritarianism scale is adherence to a range of authoritarian values.

Populist-Authoritarian parties are clustered in the top-right quadrant.

Populist-Progressive parties are in the bottom right.

See the book synopsis for more details of the core concepts.

Click below and hover over each party for more details.