Which parties are Populist-Authoritarian?
This interactive map illustrates the classification in Europe, based on assessments of their positions from the Chappel Hill Expert Survey 2014 (CHES).
The Populism scale is the importance of anti-establishment and anti-corruption rhetoric.
The Authoritarianism scale is adherence to a range of authoritarian values.
Populist-Authoritarian parties are clustered in the top-right quadrant.
Populist-Progressive parties are in the bottom right.
See the book synopsis for more details of the core concepts.
Click below and hover over each party for more details.