Which parties are Authoritarian-Populist?
This interactive map illustrates the classification in Europe, based on assessments of their positions from the Chappel Hill Expert Survey 2014 (CHES).
The Populism scale is the importance of anti-establishment and anti-corruption rhetoric.
The Authoritarianism scale is adherence to a range of authoritarian values.
See the book synopsis for more details of the core concepts.
Click below and hover over each party for more details.
The book's Technical Appendix A listing the classification of all European parties can be downloaded here.